Rosacea is a continual state that characterized by facial erythroderma (redness). Pronounced “roh-ZAY-sha”, it is gentle to severe redness of the skin generally on the cheeks, forehead, nose or chin. Although it’s most typical on the face but it may also appear on the scalp, ears and upper body too. Rosacea is a skin disorder that affects generally adults between the ages of 30-50 years. It may also turn up at different ages and in men likewise.
The exact reason behind rosacea isn’t totally discovered though there are numerous connected factors like bacteria, family history, abnormally within the facial blood vessels and triggers like exposure to sun ray, stress and spicy food. Folks with fair skin and people who blush simply are mostly harmed by rosacea, but it’s been known to have an effect on all ethnicities and skin types. Having a higher incidence rate in individuals from Eastern Europe, Scandinavian countries and British people Isles.
Basically, there are 4 different types of rosacea which are classified as follows;
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea – Most probably the most common type. It may include visible blood vessels and also can be characterized by persistent redness and flushing. Generally, when people ask “what is rosacea?” this is the typical idea of rosacea they have in their mind. One should realize the fact that without proper treatment the situation can worsen.
- Phymatous rosacea – In this case the sufferer’s skin gets thicker which may lead to rhinopyma, causing the enlarging of the nose.
- Papulopustular rosacea – Commonly known as acne rosacea, and can easily be spotted by the constant redness with pimples and transient bumps.
- Ocular rosacea – Causing dry eye, swollen eyelids, tearing and burning, persistent styes and Ocular rosacea may potentially lead one to go blind permanently.
The symptoms may vary for individuals but listed below are the most common symptoms one should be aware of. People suffering from rosacea may experience all or only several of the signs.
- Visible Blood Vessels – Rosacea inflames the tiny blood vessels under the skin surface of its victim. Related with hardened drinkers , it ends up in blotchy skin, the reason why rosacea sufferers seems as heavy alcoholic.
- Flushing – One of the most common signs of rosacea. In cases of spread to one’s chest and neck, may feel unpleasant heat which can last up to 5 minutes.
- Persistent Redness – A persistent facial redness continues after the flushing appears. More likely a patch, sunburn or blush.
- Spots, Papules and Pustules – Similar to acne, rosacea victims have papules, pustules and small spots on their face. But there won’t be blackheads.
- Thickened – In this rare and serious case of rosacea, the victim’s skin develops excess tissue resulting a thickened skin, mostly around the nostril area. In worst case scenarios the nose becomes rounded and larger, which is called rhinophyma. Men rather than women, who get mostly affected by this.
Other than these, one should also be aware of the signs like
i) Facial swelling.
ii) Dry, rough skin.
iii) Burning and stinging sensation on the face.
iv) Raised red patches.
v) Irritated and bloodshot eyes.
As different people get rosacea in various ways, there are many different procedures to treat this skin disease. To gain control, an effective and well practiced method is avoiding the causes that triggers it. Until figuring out the real reason that is causing the rosacea, it will be trial and error at first. Other treatment methods range from home remedies to laser therapy. Along with acne, clindamycin and Erythromycin are also sometimes used to treat rosacea. A topical steroid may be suggested by some doctors but there should be a cautious approach with these as they may have severe side effects. Prescribed cleansers can be an option but a doctor’s supervision is must for it. One should be monitored intensively as there are chances of side effects. Women with pregnancy should be extra careful while using the cleansers as it can do harm to the fetus.
It may seem that there is no complete cure for rosacea, but following a few rules and avoiding the triggering factors should give complete control over it.